With regard to the applicability of the Alien Tort Statute, 28 U.S.C. §1350, to corporations, the court addressed two issues:
- "whether the [Alien Tort Statute] itself bars all corporate liability, and to the extent it applies to private actors, permits liability only as to individuals" Rio Tinto V, slip op. at 19339 , __ F.3d at *6. and
- "whether, if there is no overall statutory bar to corporate liability, the particular internationally accepted norm alleged to have been violated recognizes corporate liability." Rio Tinto V, slip op. at 19339 , __ F.3d at *6.